Brushing and flossing at home on a regular basis can prevent these issues, but it is still important that you have your teeth professionally cleaned on a consistent basis. After a dental cleaning, your teeth will feel smooth and squeaky-clean, and they will probably look brighter as well.
Calculus and Plaque can form below the gum line between the gums and teeth. If left for long enough, plaque and calculus can cause gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis is inflammation in the gums around the teeth. It is seen as redness in the gums and the gums bleed easily when brushed or flossed.
Periodontitis is inflammation in the structures around the teeth, including the gums and bone support. If left long enough, periodontitis can destroy the bone support around the teeth, and lead to tooth loss.
Your scaling, polishing and fluoride needs will be assessed based your individual condition and needs.