403-266-5121 bowvalleydental@shaw.ca
#267, 255-5th Avenue, SW Calgary, Alberta

Dental Hygiene

Cleanings at our office consist of scaling, polishing and fluoride application

  • Scaling is done above and below the gums to remove plaque and calculus that is not being removed at home by regular brushing and flossing
  • Polishing removes surface plaque and stain on the teeth
  • Fluoride is applied to the teeth to make them more resistant to cavities

The frequency with which scaling, polishing and fluoride are needed is individually assessed based on a patient's current condition and needs.

Book an appointment to have your individual and custom plan developed to maintain healthy teeth and gums.

Brushing and flossing are done at home to remove plaque on the teeth and other areas of the mouth. Ask our hygienists for instruction on proper brushing and flossing technique.
  • Plaque

    • Requires less than 24 hours to form on and around teeth
    • Consists of glycoproteins from saliva and bacteria that adhere to the glycoproteins
    • The bacteria in plaque form microcolonies that mature on the teeth
    • The bacteria metabolize certain sugars to produce acid, which can cause tooth decay (cavities)
    • A build-up of plaque on areas of the mouth can lead to bad breath, tooth decay, breakdown of current restorations, and bleeding and swelling of the gums
    • When plaque hardens, it forms calculus (tartar)

  • Calculus (Tartar)

    • Is caused by the precipitation of minerals, from gingival fluid and saliva, into dental plaque
    • Can form on and around teeth in less than 3 months
    • Cannot be removed by simple brushing and flossing
    • Requires a dental professional to scrape it off with scalers

Calculus and Plaque can form below the gum line between the gums and teeth. If left for long enough, plaque and calculus can cause gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis is inflammation in the gums around the teeth. It is seen as redness in the gums and the gums bleed easily when brushed or flossed.

Periodontitis is inflammation in the structures around the teeth, including the gums and bone support. If left long enough, periodontitis can destroy the bone support around the teeth, and lead to tooth loss.